BASIC GIT COMMANDS that you should know if you are a developer.

 

What is GIT?

It is a «Version Control» software, which makes it easy for users to keep track of changes to a file.

Git is one of the most indispensable tools for project development.

 

Let get started!

1- git init
* Start a new repository

> git init

 

2- git clone
* Clone an existing repository, download a project and its entire version history

> git clone <https://link-with-repository-name>

 

3- git add and variations
* Add files to staging area

> git add <file-name> // Add a specific file.
> git add . // Add all files.

 

4- git commit -m
* Commit the changes with a message explaining the changes

> git commit -m «commit message»
> git commit -a -m «skip git add» // With this command we skip doing git add

 

5- git status
* Lists all new or changed files that need to be committed

> git status -s

 

6- git log
* List the version history of the current branch.

> git log
> git log –oneline –graph // With this command you can see it much better
> git log –pretty=oneline –graph –decorate –all // Another more complete way

 

7- git push
* Upload the files to a remote repository

> git push origin main

 

8- git pull
* Merge all changes that have been made in the local repository with the local working directory

> git pull

 

9- git branch or git checkout -b
* Create a new branch

> git branch <branch-name>

* Create a branch branch (Second option)

> git checkout -b <branch-name> // Will create the new branch and switch to it instantly

 

10- git branch -d
* Delete a Branch

> git branch -d <branch-name>

 

11- git checkout
* Switch to the specified branch and update the active directory

> git checkout <branch-name>

 

Thanks for reading!

Gastón Danielsen

Full stack developer